quinta-feira, outubro 04, 2018

Há 25 anos a Batalha de Mogadíscio provocou a morte de 20 soldados

Battle of Mogadishu (1993)
Part of Operation Gothic Serpent and the Somali Civil War
Black Hawk Down Super64 over Mogadishu coast.jpg
CW3 Michael Durant's helicopter Super Six-Four above Mogadishu on 3 October 1993.
Date 3–4 October 1993
Location Mogadishu, Somalia
  • Tactical U.S./U.N. victory
  • Strategic SNA victory
  • U.N. withdraws 3 March 1994
  • U.S. withdraws 25 March 1994
United Nations UNOSOM II Somalia Somali National Alliance (SNA) Alleged:
Commanders and leaders
United States William F. Garrison Somalia Mohamed Farrah Aidid
160 military
12 vehicles (nine HMMWVs)
19 aircraft (sixteen helicopters - 8 Black Hawks and 8 Little Birds)
4,000–6,000 militiamen and civilian fighters
Casualties and losses
18 killed
73 wounded
1 captured

1 killed
7 wounded

1 killed
2 wounded
SNA Militia and civilians
SNA claims a range of 315 to 500 Somali casualties. US sources estimate a range of 1,500 to 3,000 casualties, including civilians. Up to 700+ killed. Est. 1,500+ wounded. 21 captured.
Militia source states 315 killed, 812 wounded
*Note: Task Force Ranger achieved the mission objectives of capturing specific Aidid lieutenants, but the political fallout from the resultant battle and consequent eventual U.S. withdrawal from Somalia could classify this as a Pyrrhic victory.
The Battle of Mogadishu, more commonly referred to as Black Hawk Down or, locally, as the Day of the Rangers (Somali: Maalintii Rangers), was part of Operation Gothic Serpent and was fought on 3 and 4 October 1993, in Mogadishu, Somalia, between forces of the United States supported by UNOSOM II, and Somali militiamen loyal to the self-proclaimed president-to-be Mohamed Farrah Aidid who had support from armed civilian fighters.
A U.S. Army force in Mogadishu, consisting primarily of U.S. Army Rangers from Bravo Company, 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment; C Squadron, 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D), better known as "Delta Force"; as well as Air Force Combat Controllers and Pararescuemen and helicopters from 1st Battalion, 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, attempted to seize two of Aidid's high-echelon lieutenants during a meeting in the city. Shortly after the assault began, Somali militia and armed civilian fighters managed to shoot down two UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters. The subsequent rescue operation to secure and recover the crews of both helicopters drew the raid, intended to last no more than an hour, into an overnight standoff in the city. The battle resulted in 18 deaths, 80 wounded, and one helicopter pilot captured among the U.S. raid party and rescue forces. One Pakistani soldier and one Malaysian soldier were killed as part of the rescue forces. American sources estimate between 1,500 and 3,000 Somali casualties, including civilians; SNA forces claim only 315 killed, with 812 wounded. The battle is now referred to as the First Battle of Mogadishu to distinguish it from the Second Battle of Mogadishu of 2006.

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