terça-feira, abril 06, 2021

Um sismo arrasou a cidade de Áquila há doze anos

sismo de Áquila de 2009 foi um sismo de 6,3 graus na escala de magnitude de momento sísmico, segundo o United States Geological Survey (6.7 graus na escala de Richter) registado a 6 de abril de 2009 na zona central da península Itálica. O epicentro foi na cidade de Áquila, região de Abruzos.
O sismo deixou 309 mortos, cerca de 1000 feridos, 15 desaparecidos e centenas de edificações total ou parcialmente destruídas, sobretudo na cidade de Áquila, mas também em outras localidades próximas, como Onna.
governo italiano lançou um conjunto de medidas de apoio temporário aos milhares de desalojados, como a suspensão de hipotecas e a concessão de subsídios.
The local prefecture (a government office) damaged by the earthquake
The 2009 L'Aquila earthquake occurred in the region of Abruzzo, in central Italy. The main shock occurred at 03:32 CEST (01:32 UTC) on 6 April 2009, and was rated 5.8 or 5.9 on the Richter magnitude scale and 6.3 on the moment magnitude scale; its epicentre was near L'Aquila, the capital of Abruzzo, which together with surrounding villages suffered most damage. There have been several thousand foreshocks and aftershocks since December 2008, more than thirty of which had a Richter magnitude greater than 3.5.
The earthquake was felt throughout central Italy; 308 people are known to have died, making this the deadliest earthquake to hit Italy since the 1980 Irpinia earthquake. In a subsequent inquiry of the handling of the disaster, seven members of the Italian National Commission for the Forecast and Prevention of Major Risks were accused of giving "inexact, incomplete and contradictory" information about the danger of the tremors prior to the main quake. On 22 October 2012, six scientists and one ex-government official were convicted of multiple manslaughter for downplaying the likelihood of a major earthquake six days before it took place. They were each sentenced to six years' imprisonment, but the verdict was overturned on 10 November 2014. Criticism was also applied to poor building standards that led to the failure of many modern buildings in a known earthquake zone: an official at Italy's Civil Protection Agency, Franco Barberi, said that "in California, an earthquake like this one would not have killed a single person". 

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